Kundalini Yoga. The Awakening of Spiritual Energy

El Kundalini Yoga es una de las ramas de yoga más populares.

Kundalini Yoga is an ancient practice that combines yoga techniques to awaken and elevate the Kundalini energy, which is at rest at the base of the spine. This energy, symbolically represented as a coiled serpent, is considered a vital force that, when awakened, allows us to reach higher states of consciousness and well-being.

The main objective of Kundalini Yoga is to facilitate the union of Kundalini energy (Shakti) with pure consciousness (Shiva), which translates into deep spiritual transformation and self-knowledge. Through regular practice, practitioners can experience greater mental clarity, expanded awareness, connection with their true self and a sense of inner peace.

It´s unique in its holistic approach, as it integrates elements of different yoga systems, such as Hatha, Raja, Tantra and Bhakti Yoga, and focuses on working with subtle energy and the chakras (energy centers). In addition, the practice of Kundalini Yoga is accessible to people of all ages, skill levels and physical conditions, making it a powerful and universal tool for spiritual and personal growth.

History and Origin of Kundalini Yoga

Historia del Kundalini Yoga.

Kundalini Yoga has its roots in ancient India and dates back thousands of years. Although it´s difficult to determine its exact origin, the earliest references to Kundalini and the practice of yoga are found in the Upanishads, which date back to approximately 1000 BC. These sacred texts of Hinduism explore the relationship between the individual and the cosmos, and describe Kundalini energy as a creative and transformative force that can be experienced through the practice of yoga.

For centuries, the practice of Kundalini Yoga was secret and transmitted only from master to disciple. Teachers carefully selected their students based on their ability to handle the power of Kundalini. Kundalini Yoga was, therefore, an esoteric path and not very accessible to most people.

However, everything changed in the 1960s with the arrival of Yogi Bhajan in the West. Born in what is now Pakistan, Bhajan immigrated to Canada and then moved to Los Angeles, where he began teaching Kundalini Yoga in 1969. His mission was to make these formerly secret practices available to all. Bhajan believed that in the modern age, people needed a practice that could help balance the stresses and strains of daily life, and he saw in Kundalini Yoga the perfect method to accomplish this.

Bhajan taught a very structured Kundalini Yoga, which was based on specific series of postures (kriyas), breathing techniques (pranayama), mantras and meditations. These components were combined in various ways to create thousands of different kriyas, each of which had a specific purpose, such as balancing a particular aspect of the mind or body, or working with a specific chakra.

Yogi Bhajan also founded the Healthy, Happy, Holy (3HO) organization to promote the Kundalini Yoga lifestyle. This movement, which advocated a life of mindfulness, goodness and health, was influential in popularizing Kundalini Yoga in the West.

Although Kundalini Yoga has evolved and adapted over the years, its essence remains the same. It´s a path to awaken and release the Kundalini energy, and thus achieve a higher state of consciousness and well-being.

Principles and Philosophy of Kundalini Yoga

Los chakras son una parte importante de la práctica del Kundalini Yoga.

Within Kundalini Yoga we find some elements that distinguish this practice from other types of yoga.

Kundalini energy

The word “Kundalini” comes from Sanskrit and means “coiled“, referring to the coiled energy that is at rest at the base of the spine. This energy is represented as a snake coiled three and a half times around the central axis of the body, known as Sushumna Nadi, the most important energetic channel in yoga.

The concept of Kundalini is fundamental in the philosophy and practice of Kundalini Yoga, since its awakening and ascent through the central nadi is the main objective of this practice. When the Kundalini energy is awakened, it´s said to pass through and activate the chakras (energy centers) along the spine, purifying and balancing the different aspects of the self and allowing one to experience higher states of consciousness and self-realization.

The process of awakening and raising the Kundalini can be described as a spiritual journey, in which the practitioner goes through different stages of transformation and purification, facing and releasing blockages and limiting energetic patterns. As Kundalini ascends and merges with pure consciousness in the seventh chakra, a state of enlightenment and oneness with cosmic energy is reached.

The Chakras

The chakras, in yoga philosophy, are energy centers located along the spine, each associated with specific aspects of the self, such as emotions, thoughts and states of consciousness. The chakras are fundamental in the practice of Kundalini Yoga, as their activation and balance is essential for the awakening and ascension of Kundalini energy.

There are seven main chakras in the body, each associated with a specific color, sound vibration, element and function:

  • Muladhara (root chakra): located at the base of the spine, it represents grounding, security and stability. It´s associated with the color red and the earth element.
  • Svadhisthana (sacral chakra): Located in the sacral area, it´s related to creativity, emotions and sexuality. It´s associated with the color orange and the water element.
  • Manipura (solar plexus chakra): Located in the navel area, it represents personal power, will and self-esteem. It´s associated with the color yellow and the fire element.
  • Anahata (heart chakra): Located in the center of the chest, it´s related to love, compassion and empathy. It´s associated with the color green and the air element.
  • Vishuddha (throat chakra): This chakra is located in the throat, it symbolizes communication, expression and truth. It´s associated with the color blue and the ether element.
  • Ajna (third eye chakra): Located between the eyebrows, it represents intuition, wisdom and perception beyond the five senses. It´s associated with the color indigo and the element of light.
  • Sahasrara (crown chakra): Located at the top of the head, it symbolizes the connection with divine consciousness, enlightenment and self-realization. It´s associated with the color violet and the element of space.

In Kundalini Yoga, different techniques, such as asanas, pranayama, mantras and meditations, are used to work with the chakras and balance the energy in the body. As the chakras are activated and harmonized, the flow of Kundalini energy through the Sushumna Nadi is facilitated, allowing for awakening and expansion of consciousness.

Sat Nam

“Sat Nam” is a central mantra in the practice of Kundalini Yoga and means “truth is my identity” or “my true name is truth“. This mantra is used as an affirmation and reminder of our true essence and connection to the divine source. By repeating and meditating on Sat Nam, practitioners seek to connect with their inner truth and free themselves from the illusions and conditioning that limit their potential and authenticity.

The practice of Sat Nam is essential to the philosophy of Kundalini Yoga, as it represents the recognition of our divine nature and the realization that truth is the basis of our existence. By integrating the Sat Nam mantra into our practices and our daily lives, we cultivate a deep connection with our true selves and develop greater clarity, intuition and discernment.

The Union of Shakti and Shiva

Shakti represents the creative and manifesting energy of the universe, while Shiva symbolizes pure, transcendental consciousness. The union of Shakti and Shiva is the ultimate goal of Kundalini Yoga, as it represents the balance and harmony between energy and consciousness, which translates into profound spiritual transformation and self-realization.

The kundalini energy, which is at rest at the base of the spine, is considered a manifestation of Shakti. Through the practice of Kundalini Yoga, this energy is awakened and elevated, allowing it to merge with Shiva in the seventh chakra, located at the crown of the head. This union represents the integration of all aspects of being and the realization of our true nature as divine and eternal beings.

The process of Shakti and Shiva union is a path of transformation and spiritual growth, in which the practitioner confronts and releases blockages and limiting energetic patterns, develops a greater awareness of self and the universe, and expands his or her capacity to experience higher states of consciousness and well-being. As one progresses along this path, a balance between creative power and inner wisdom is cultivated, allowing a fuller and more authentic life to manifest.

By cultivating the connection and balance between energy and consciousness, we can face life’s challenges and opportunities with greater clarity, discernment and harmony, allowing our true essence to shine through and manifest in all that we do.

The Practice of Kundalini Yoga

La práctica del Kundalini Yoga incluye asanas, mantras, mudras, pranayama y otros elementos del yoga.

The practice of Kundalini Yoga is based on the idea that each individual has a limitless potential of latent energy and consciousness within him or herself. Through regular practice, this energy can be awakened and channeled towards self-realization and connection with the divine.

A wide range of exercises are used to achieve these goals:


Asanas are physical postures practiced in yoga with the purpose of stretching, strengthening and balancing the body, as well as facilitating the flow of energy and the activation of the chakras. Each asana has a specific effect on the energy system and can be used to work on particular areas of the body or specific aspects of the self, such as emotional stability, mental concentration and spiritual openness.

In Kundalini Yoga, asanas are practiced with a focus on energetic alignment and connection to the breath, allowing for greater integration and balance between the body, mind and spirit. Asanas can be performed dynamically or statically, and regular practice helps develop flexibility, strength, endurance and self-awareness.


Pranayama is the control and expansion of prana, the vital energy found in the air we breathe and in all forms of life. In yoga, different breathing techniques are used to increase and balance the prana in the body, allowing for greater energy flow, mental clarity and emotional well-being.

Some of the most common pranayama techniques in Kundalini Yoga include fire breathing, alternate nostril breathing and retention breathing. These practices help to purify and oxygenate the body, calm and focus the mind, and activate and elevate Kundalini energy.


Mantras are sacred words, syllables or phrases used to focus the mind, raise the vibration and connect with cosmic energy. Mantras are recited in Sanskrit or Gurmukhi, ancient languages that are considered to carry powerful energy and wisdom.


Mudras are gestures or hand positions used to direct and balance energy in the body. Each mudra has a specific effect on the energy system and can be used to work on particular aspects of the self, such as mental concentration, opening the heart and connecting with the intuition.

Practicing mudras seeks to establish an energetic circuit in the body and mind, allowing energy to flow in a more harmonious and balanced way. Mudras can be practiced in combination with asanas, pranayama, mantras and meditations, enhancing and complementing the effects of these techniques.


Bhandas are specific muscular contractions and holds used to direct and channel energy in the body. There are three main bhandas practiced in Kundalini Yoga: Mula Bandha (contraction of the perineum), Uddiyana Bandha (contraction of the abdomen towards the spine) and Jalandhara Bandha (blocking of the throat). These bhandas can be applied individually or together, forming the Maha Bandha or “Great Lock“.

The practice of the bhandas helps to control and elevate the Kundalini energy, while strengthening and toning the muscles and internal organs. In addition, bhandas have a purifying effect on the energy system, allowing the elimination of blockages and toxins and facilitating the free and balanced flow of energy in the body.


Meditation is an essential practice that allows to calm and focus the mind, cultivate awareness and connect with the divine source. Meditation in Kundalini Yoga can be practiced using different techniques, such as concentration on the breath, repetition of mantras, visualization and mindfulness.

The regular practice of meditation helps to develop greater mental clarity, emotional balance and spiritual openness, allowing practitioners to face life’s challenges and opportunities with greater discernment and wisdom. In addition, it´s a powerful tool for self-knowledge and transformation, as it allows one to access and release limiting mental and emotional patterns and connect with the true essence of the self.

Relaxation is another important component that helps to integrate and assimilate the effects of the practices and facilitate healing and balance of body, mind and spirit. It can be practiced at the end of a Kundalini Yoga session, using techniques such as deep relaxation, Yoga Nidra and the practice of corpse pose (Savasana).


In Kundalini Yoga, kriyas are specific sequences of exercises, postures and breathing techniques designed to produce a particular effect on the body, mind and spirit. These sequences combine asanas (postures), pranayama (breathing techniques), mudras (energetic gestures and seals), mantras (sacred words and sound vibrations) and meditations to work on specific aspects of the self, from physical and emotional health to expansion of consciousness and spiritual awakening.

The term“kriya” comes from Sanskrit and means “action” or “realization“. In the context of Kundalini Yoga, kriyas are specific actions aimed at purifying and transforming vital energy, or prana, and raising the consciousness of the practitioner. There are thousands of different kriyas, each designed to work on a particular aspect of the self or to achieve a specific goal.

Some kriyas are gentle and meditative, while others can be dynamic and invigorating. Some focus on purification and detoxification of the body, while others focus on opening and activating the chakras or energy centers. There are also kriyas designed to improve emotional, mental and spiritual health and well-being, as well as those aimed at developing specific skills, such as intuition, concentration and creativity.

Kriyas are based on the understanding that the body, mind and spirit are interconnected and that transformation and well-being at one level affect all other levels of being. Through the practice of kriyas, practitioners can experience deep purification and transformation in all aspects of their being, allowing them to access their infinite potential and experience greater harmony and well-being in their lives.

Benefits of Kundalini Yoga

El Kundalini Yoga tiene múltiples beneficios para la salud física y mental.

Stress and anxiety reduction

Yoga is known for its effectiveness in reducing stress and anxiety. The practice of asana, pranayama and meditation helps to release accumulated tension in the body and mind, allowing for greater relaxation and balance. By focusing attention on the breath and body sensations, practitioners are able to step away from everyday thoughts and worries and enter a state of greater calm and clarity.

In addition, the repetition of mantras and the use of mudras and bhandas help to calm the mind and focus attention on the present moment, decreasing mental activity and the flow of negative or worrisome thoughts. This allows for greater connection with the source of inner peace and serenity, strengthening the ability to cope with and manage stress and anxiety more effectively.

Improved flexibility and physical strength

Regular practice of Kundalini Yoga contributes to improved flexibility and physical strength. The asanas, which involve stretching, twisting and dynamic movements, help to increase joint mobility, muscle elongation and the ability to perform a full range of motion.

In addition, many postures in require muscular strength and endurance, which contributes to the development of stronger, more toned muscles. By strengthening and stretching the body in a balanced way, Kundalini Yoga practitioners can experience an increased ability to perform physical activities, prevent injuries and maintain good posture and body alignment.

Immune System and Digestion Stimulation

The practice of asanas, pranayama and bhandas helps stimulate energy flow and blood circulation in the body, which strengthens the immune system and improves the body’s ability to fight disease and infection.

In addition, Kundalini Yoga includes specific postures and exercises that work directly on the organs of the digestive system, such as the stomach, intestines and liver. These practices help improve digestion, nutrient absorption and the elimination of toxins, which contributes to greater health and vitality.

Emotional and mental balance

By working with the chakras and energy system, practitioners can release blockages and negative emotional patterns, allowing for greater emotional harmony and well-being.

Meditation and concentration on the breath help to calm and stabilize the mind, decreasing the tendency to ruminate and negative thoughts. In addition, the practice of mantras and the use of mudras and bhandas allow for the cultivation of greater mental clarity and focus, which facilitates the ability to make decisions and face challenges with wisdom and discernment.

As a greater connection with the true self and divine source develops, practitioners can experience a greater sense of peace and emotional and mental balance, allowing them to navigate life with greater confidence and resilience.

Integrating Kundalini Yoga into everyday life

Cómo integrar el Kundalini Yoga en nuestro día a día.

Create a sacred space and establish a routine

Integrating Kundalini Yoga into your daily life begins with creating a sacred space and establishing a routine. A sacred space is a place where you can practice without distractions or interruptions, allowing you to fully connect with the practice and yourself. This space can be in your home, in nature or in a yoga studio. The important thing is that you feel comfortable and at peace in this place.

Once you have created your sacred space, establish a routine. Consistency and discipline are essential to experience the full benefits of the practice. Try to establish regular times for your yoga sessions, either daily or several times a week. It´s also helpful to practice at the same time of day, as this creates a habit and makes it easier to incorporate the practice into your daily life.

Choosing the right kriyas and meditations for your needs

Kundalini Yoga is a very versatile and adaptable practice, and there are a variety of kriyas, meditations and techniques available to address different needs and goals. It´s important to choose practices that are suitable for your individual needs and circumstances.

To do this, it´s helpful to reflect on your personal goals and challenges, as well as any health conditions or physical limitations you may have. Next, research and select kriyas and meditations that address these issues and help you achieve your goals. You can find online resources, books, workshops and classes to help you choose the practices that are right for you.

Be aware of your limitations and respect your body

It´s essential to be aware of your limitations and respect your body. The practice should be an enriching and healing experience, and should not cause pain or injury.

Be sure to listen to your body and adapt the practices according to your abilities and physical conditions. If you experience pain or discomfort during a posture or exercise, modify or discontinue the practice and consult a health professional or Kundalini Yoga instructor for guidance. It´s also important to remember that yoga practice is a personal process and that there is no “right” or “wrong” way to do it, as long as you feel safe and in connection with your body and inner self.

Seek support and guidance from other practitioners

Integrating Kundalini Yoga into your daily life can be challenging, and having the support and guidance of others can be a great help in this process. The Kundalini community includes other practitioners, instructors, yoga centers and events related to the practice. These people and places can offer advice, inspiration and a support network to help you stay motivated and committed to your practice.

Attend Kundalini Yoga classes and workshops, participate in retreats and events, and join online groups and forums to connect with other practitioners and learn from their experiences and insights. Sharing your process and challenges with others who are on a similar path can be very supportive and encouraging on your journey.

Maintain an attitude of openness and commitment to the growth process

Finally, to integrate Kundalini Yoga into your daily life effectively, it´s essential to maintain an attitude of openness and commitment to the process of growth and transformation. The practice can be challenging and, at times, disconcerting, as it confronts you with emotional, mental and energetic patterns and blockages that can be difficult to deal with.

Adopt an attitude of openness and curiosity towards your practice, allowing yourself to explore and experience new sensations, thoughts and emotions without judgment or resistance. Accept that the process of growth is continuous and that each day brings new opportunities to learn, evolve and expand your consciousness.

Remain committed to your practice, even in times of difficulty or discouragement, remembering that every experience is an opportunity to deepen your connection to your true self and awaken your infinite potential. By approaching Kundalini Yoga with an attitude of openness and commitment, you will allow yourself to experience its numerous benefits and transformations, both in your daily life and in your spiritual evolution.

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