Muladhara, the First Chakra or Root Chakra. Detailed Guide

Located at the base of the spine is Muladhara, the first chakra, often referred to as the root chakra or base chakra. This chakra, which is the foundation of our energy system, is said to hold the secrets of our primal instincts, our sense of security and our connection to the Earth. For those embarking on a journey of self-discovery, understanding the first chakra is critical.

In this article we are going to detail in depth everything you need to know about the Muladhara chakra. Where it is located, what areas of our life it relates to, associated symbols, what happens when it is out of balance and how we can balance it, among many other things.

The Muladhara Chakra symbol

El símbolo del primer chakra.

The symbol representing the first chakra usually has the following characteristics:

  • Four-petaled lotus: The most recognizable feature of the Muladhara symbol is the four-petaled lotus. Each petal represents one of the four psychic centers of the human body associated with this chakra. The number four also corresponds to the Earth element and denotes stability, solidity and foundation, all attributes associated with the root chakra.
  • Square: Within the lotus there is usually a square, symbolizing the Earth element. This association with Earth further emphasizes the foundational nature of the first chakra. The square can also symbolize boundaries and the physical dimension to which we are bound, anchoring us to the material world.
  • Triangle pointing down: Within the square, there may be a triangle pointing down. This triangle represents the channeling of energy, grounding it into the Earth. It denotes the role of the chakra in grounding and connecting to the physical realm.
  • Bindu or Center Point: In the center of the triangle, there is sometimes a bindu or point. It represents the essence or seed of the chakra. In some representations, this central point is where the Kundalini serpent rests, coiled and dormant, waiting to ascend through the other chakras as the spiritual journey unfolds.
  • Color: The root chakra is usually represented by the color red. This color symbolizes the qualities of earth, life force and primal energy associated with this chakra.

The Abode of Kundalini Energy

El primer chakra es donde reside la energía Kundalini.

The Indian yogic and tantric tradition describes Kundalini energy as a serpentine life force residing at the base of the spine, specifically in the Muladhara chakra. This energy is often visualized as a serpent coiled upon itself three and a half times, waiting to be awakened.

Although Kundalini energy extends throughout the body, its main abode is in the root chakra. Here, it remains in a dormant state in most people, waiting to be activated.

The activation or “awakening” of Kundalini can be the result of specific spiritual practices, transformative life experiences or, on rare occasions, it can happen spontaneously. Upon awakening at the root chakra, the Kundalini energy begins its ascent, seeking to merge with pure consciousness at the Sahasrara chakra, located at the crown of the head. This is the journey of kundalini: to bring consciousness from the denser physical manifestation to the higher spiritual consciousness.

As kundalini rises from the first chakra, it passes through and activates the chakras in between, clearing blockages and releasing stagnant energies. This process is profoundly transformative and can lead to changes in a person’s perception, consciousness and life experience.

Ganesha, the God of the Muladhara Chakra

Ganesha posee una profunda simbología llena de enseñanzas espirituales.

The first chakra is intimately related to the deity Ganesha. The elephant god is widely known as the remover of obstacles and the lord of auspicious beginnings. His presence at the base of the spine is symbolic and relevant on multiple levels.

Ganesha, often worshipped at the beginning of rituals and ceremonies, represents that essential first step in any endeavor. His presence in the Muladhara is symbolic of the beginning of our spiritual journey. Before one can advance to higher chakras or awaken Kundalini energy, one must seek Ganesha’s blessing to overcome initial obstacles.

It is known as “Vighnaharta” or the remover of obstacles. In the context of Muladhara, these obstacles can be basic fears, insecurities or any other blockages related to survival and security. Invoking Ganesha in this chakra can help overcome these barriers, allowing a free flow of energy.

As the guardian of this chakra, Ganesha is the custodian of Kundalini energy. Before Kundalini can be activated, it is necessary to obtain the favor and blessing of Ganesha.

Ganesha’s mount is a mouse, an animal that is intimately connected to the earth. This connection highlights the earthy nature of the Muladhara chakra. Ganesha, through his mount, reinforces the importance of being well grounded and having a solid connection to the earth before embarking on higher spiritual aspirations.

Just as the Muladhara chakra relates to our safety and protection, Ganesha is seen as a benevolent protector. His presence in the root chakra is a reminder that we are protected and cared for on our spiritual journey.

Although the first chakra is primarily related to basic, fundamental needs, Ganesha’s presence introduces an element of wisdom. Ganesha is the god of learning and wisdom, and his association with the Muladhara chakra indicates that even in the most basic stages of our evolution, there are profound lessons and wisdom to be discovered.

Within the dynamism of spiritual awakening and energy activation, Ganesha represents an unchanging and constant aspect. Although everything may be changing and evolving, there is a stable foundation, represented by Ganesha, that remains unchanged.

The elephant-headed deity is a fusion of the animal and the divine, the earthly and the spiritual. Similarly, the Muladhara chakra, although related to very physical and earthly aspects of our existence, is also the starting point for spiritual awakening.

What aspects of our life is the Root Chakra related to?

El chakra Muladhara se relaciona con los instintos y la sensación de propósito y pertenencia.

Each of the seven chakras is related to different aspects of our life on a physical and psychological level. In the case of the first chakra, these are some of the areas it is related to:

  • Survival and safety: The first chakra has to do with our basic survival needs: food, shelter, safety, health and well-being. When we feel that our basic needs are not met, this chakra can become unbalanced, leading to anxiety, fears and worries related to survival.
  • Earth Connection: The root chakra connects us to the earth element. It represents our sense of belonging and connection to the physical world. The practice of “anchoring” or “grounding” involves strengthening this chakra, allowing one to feel a deeper and firmer connection to the Earth.
  • Structure and order: Like the foundation of a building, the first chakra provides structure and a sense of order to our lives. This is reflected in our ability to establish routines, disciplines and healthy habits.
  • Financial Stability: The root chakra is also related to our relationship with money and abundance. A balanced root chakra can reflect a healthy relationship with our finances, while an imbalance can manifest as fear of poverty, greed or impulsive financial behaviors.
  • Physical and bodily identity: This chakra influences how we feel in our own body. A healthy connection to the root chakra can result in good physical health, strength and vitality, while imbalances can lead to disconnection with the body or physical health problems.
  • Sexuality: While sexuality is often associated with the second chakra, the root chakra also plays a role in our basic sexual energy, related to reproduction and continuity of the species.
  • Self-confidence: Confidence in our ability to meet life’s challenges and take care of ourselves also emanates from the first chakra. A solid foundation here gives us the confidence to move forward in life.

Airavata, the Seven-Trumped Elephant. The First Chakra Animal

Airavata, el elefante de siete trompas relacionado con el primer chakra.

Airavata is a seven-trunked elephant, on which the god Indra rides, and which is related to the first chakra. Airavata’s own birth is imbued with cosmic grandeur. Born during the turmoil of the cosmic ocean (Samudra Manthan), Airavata emerged from the depths, embodying both the tumultuous nature of creation and the serenity of order. This duality-of chaos and calm, of being rooted in the midst of turmoil-is a fundamental attribute of Muladhara chakra.

  • Strength and stability: Just as an elephant is unwavering and powerful, the first chakra represents our foundational strength. It governs our survival instincts, our sense of security and our primal energies. When we feel“grounded” orgrounded,” it is the energy of Muladhara that resonates within us, echoing the steadfastness of Airavata.
  • Connection to the Earth: Elephants, despite their enormous size, walk softly on the earth, deeply connected to the ground they walk on. Similarly, Muladhara governs our connection to the Earth. It reminds us of our material existence and our link to the world we inhabit. Through the Root Chakra, we draw nourishment from the Earth, much as Airavata is believed to be the guardian of the waters and the one who draws sustenance from the clouds.
  • Protection: In Indian mythology, Airavata plays a protective role, serving Lord Indra. Muladhara also acts as our guardian in many ways. It is the chakra that alerts us to threats, ensuring our survival and safety. It is our primary radar, always making sure we are safe and stable.
  • The conduit of the life-giving waters: Airavata is believed to possess the unique ability to produce clouds and govern the life-giving waters. Symbolically, the Muladhara is the place where our life force or Kundalini energy lies dormant, waiting to ascend and bathe us with spiritual awakening, like the life-giving rains.
  • Purity and renewal: The white hue of Airavata is not only a mark of beauty, but also a symbol of purity and renewal. The first chakra, when balanced, purifies our energies and ensures that we are in harmony with our primal nature and the world around us.

What happens when the First Chakra is unbalanced, closed or blocked?

El Chakra raíz bloqueado da lugar a una serie de problemas físicos y psicológicos.

What happens when we do not pay attention to the areas of our life related to the Muladhara chakra? Below is a list of symptoms associated with the imbalance of this energy center, both physically and mentally:

Physical manifestations

  • Chronic fatigue: An imbalanced Muladhara can cause a feeling of constant tiredness or lethargy. This is not simply the usual tiredness felt after a long day, but a persistent fatigue that does not subside even after ample rest.
  • Digestive problems: Since the Root Chakra is linked to our basic survival and nourishment, its imbalance can cause problems related to digestion, such as constipation, diarrhea or other gastrointestinal disorders.
  • Lumbar pain: Discomfort or pain, especially in the lower back. The base of the spine, where the Muladhara resides, can become a point of tension or pain.
  • Immune system disorders: The base chakra governs our overall health. An imbalance can compromise our immune response, making us more susceptible to disease and infection.

Emotional and psychological manifestations

  • Anxiety and fears: A primary function of the Root Chakra is to instill a sense of safety and security. When imbalanced, feelings of insecurity can be magnified, leading to generalized anxiety, specific phobias or generalized feelings of discomfort.
  • Material obsession: An overwhelming focus on material possessions or an overemphasis on financial security can indicate an imbalance in our Muladhara chakra. While being financially prudent is laudable, obsessing over material gains is due to a deep-seated insecurity that needs to be made aware of.
  • Detachment and apathy: On the other hand, an underactive Root Chakra can manifest as feelings of disconnection from the world. People may feel aimless, detached or apathetic about their life, environment and relationships.
  • Low self-esteem: Muladhara governs our fundamental self-esteem. An imbalanced first chakra can lead to feelings of inadequacy, self-doubt and the persistent belief that one does not belong or is not good enough.

Spiritual Manifestations:

  • Feeling rootless: This is perhaps the most direct spiritual consequence. People with an unbalanced Muladhara may feel ” floating “, disconnected from the present, or constantly daydreaming without a sense of connection to reality.
  • Difficulty manifesting intentions: The Root Chakra plays a critical role in translating our spiritual and mental intentions into actions in the physical world. An imbalance can impede this process, making it difficult to realize dreams, goals or intentions.

How to balance, open, unblock or heal the Root Chakra

Cómo equilibrar o sanar el chakra Muladhara o primer chakra.

When this chakra is balanced, we feel connected, safe and present in our environment. However, life challenges, trauma or even everyday stressors can cause an imbalance in the root chakra. Luckily, several practices can restore and maintain its balance. Here is a complete guide on what practices we can perform to harmonize the first chakra in its various aspects:

Connecting with nature

  • Grounding: This consists of getting in direct contact with the Earth. It can be as simple as walking barefoot on grass, sand or earth. This connection helps neutralize negative energies, reduce inflammation in the body and improve overall well-being.
  • Spending time outdoors: Regularly being in contact with nature, whether hiking, gardening or simply sitting under a tree, can have a profound effect on Muladhara balance. The tranquility of nature promotes a sense of belonging, grounding us to the world around us.

Balanced Diet

  • Root Vegetables: Foods such as carrots, potatoes, beets and onions are not only nutritious, but also resonate energetically with the Root Chakra due to their grounding properties.
  • Red foods: Incorporating naturally red foods, such as tomatoes, strawberries and red peppers, can stimulate and balance the Muladhara.
  • Stay hydrated: Just as plants need water to become deeply rooted in the soil, our bodies need hydration to stay rooted and healthy. Drinking enough water daily helps our systems function properly, indirectly supporting the first chakra.

Physical activity

  • Yoga: Certain yoga postures are specifically designed to stimulate and balance the Root Chakra. Postures such as Mountain Pose (Tadasana), Child’s Pose (Balasana) and Tree Pose (Vrksasana) can be especially effective.
  • Dance: Movement, especially of the feet and legs, can help ground our energies. Dancing, even to the beat of your favorite song, can help activate Muladhara.
  • Regular exercise: Activities such as walking, jogging, or any form of exercise that involves the lower body can aid in grounding and stabilizing the Root Chakra.

Meditation and visualization

  • Sitting meditation: Simply sitting on the floor, focusing on the base of the spine and breathing deeply and deliberately can center our energies. Visualizing a glowing red light or a lotus spinning at the base while inhaling positivity and exhaling negativity can be powerful.
  • Guided Meditations: There are numerous guided meditations available that specifically address balancing the Root Chakra. Listening to them can offer targeted energetic healing.

Sound therapy

  • Mantra chanting: The sound “LAM” is the bija mantra (seed) for the Muladhara chakra. Chanting this sound can create vibrations that help activate and balance the first chakra.
  • Tuning forks and singing bowls: Sound healing tools, especially those tuned to the Root Chakra frequency, can restore harmony.
  • Listening to earthly sounds: Nature sounds, such as rain, rustling leaves or flowing water, are perfect for connecting with and balancing the first chakra.


  • Essential oils: Aromas such as patchouli, myrrh and cedarwood can be used in diffusers or as massage oils. Their properties help balance the Muladhara.

Crystals and gemstones

Crystals such as red jasper, smoky quartz, hematite and garnet can be worn as jewelry or placed close to the body. Their vibrational frequencies resonate with those of the Root Chakra, helping to balance it.


Repeating affirmations can reprogram our brain, influencing our subconscious to bring about positive changes. For the Muladhara chakra, consider affirmations such as:

  • I am safe and secure at all times.
  • My connection to the earth is strong and stable.
  • I deserve to be here and occupy my space in the world.
  • I am anchored and rooted deeply in the earth.
  • My foundation is solid and sustains me.
  • I trust in the bounty of life.
  • I am nourished and supported by the earth.
  • My body is healthy and strong.
  • I belong to this world and am accepted.
  • My basic needs are always met.
  • I feel safe in my body.
  • My connection to nature strengthens me.
  • I am centered and present in this moment.

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