The Seven Chakras. Discover all their secrets

Los sietes chakras son un mapa para el autodescubrimiento y la conexión con nuestra esencia.

Chakras are energy centers within the human body that act as connection points between the consciousness and the physical body. These energy centers influence the flow of life force, also known as Prana or Chi, and are related to our physical, mental, emotional and spiritual health. The term “Chakra” comes from Sanskrit and means “wheel” or “disk,” reflecting the circular and constantly moving nature of these energy centers.

The best known Chakra system is composed of seven main Chakras, each associated with a specific region of the body, an endocrine gland, a color, and a set of psychological and emotional characteristics. These Chakras align along the spine, beginning at the base of the spine at the root Chakra or Muladhara and ascending to the top of the head at the crown Chakra or Sahasrara. Each Chakra has a unique role in maintaining balance and harmony in our lives, and it´s essential to understand how they function in order to achieve a state of holistic wellness.

Brief history of the Chakra concept

Historia del Kundalini Yoga.

The concept of the Chakras has its roots in the ancient spiritual traditions of India, dating back to about 1500 BC. The earliest written records of Chakras are found in the Vedas, a collection of sacred Sanskrit texts that form the basis of Hinduism.

The idea of the Chakras was further developed in the Tantric tradition, which emerged around the 7th century AD. Tantric texts, such as the Sat-Cakra-Nirupana and the Padaka-Pancaka, describe the Chakras in detail and offer techniques and practices for balancing and activating these energy centers. Over the centuries, the teaching of the Chakras has evolved and expanded, influencing various spiritual and therapeutic traditions around the world.

Benefits of aligning the Chakras

Beneficios de equilibrar los chakras para la salud física y mental.

Self-knowledge is a journey into the deepest part of ourselves, a quest to understand our most authentic essence. The chakras, with their unique symbolism and functions, can assist us in this process by providing us with an internal road map to explore the fundamental aspects of our existence.

Each chakra represents a unique sphere of influence aligned with different aspects of our physical, emotional and spiritual lives. By understanding these chakras as a map for self-knowledge, we can explore and balance these areas of our life, allowing us to achieve greater wellness and fulfillment.

Physical and mental health

Chakras influence our body. A balanced and harmonious flow of energy is essential for maintaining good health. Imbalances in the Chakras can manifest as physical problems or illnesses in the corresponding areas of the body. In addition, a blocked or unbalanced energy flow can also affect our mental and emotional health, as each Chakra is associated with certain psychological and emotional characteristics. By balancing the Chakras, we can improve our physical and mental health and achieve greater well-being.

Mind-Body Connection

Understanding the Chakra system helps us become aware of the connection between our mind and body. By working to balance the Chakras, we become more aware of emotions, thoughts and behaviors that may be contributing to imbalances in our energy and ultimately our health. This awareness can help us take steps to heal and balance our energy, which in turn improves our mind-body connection and our overall health.

Personal and spiritual development

By balancing and healing our Chakras, we can unlock our potential and access deeper levels of self-knowledge and self-understanding. In addition, it can help us release emotional blocks and negative thought patterns that prevent us from reaching our full potential. As we balance and heal our Chakras, we experience greater spiritual growth and a greater connection to our higher self.

Interpersonal relationships

Conscious work on the Chakras allows us to develop greater empathy and understanding for others. By recognizing how our energetic imbalances can affect our interactions with others, we are able to approach and resolve conflicts in a more conscious and healthy way. In addition, it can help us attract and maintain more harmonious and satisfying relationships in our lives.

Creativity and expression

The Chakras are also related to our creativity and self-expression. When they are balanced, energy flows freely through our system, allowing us to access our creativity and express ourselves in an authentic and meaningful way. Blockage or imbalance of the Chakras can limit our ability to express ourselves and fully enjoy our creative abilities. By working on Chakra balance, we can unleash our creative potential and enhance our ability to communicate and share our ideas and emotions.

Emotional Stability

When our Chakras are in harmony, we are better able to manage and process our emotions in a healthy way. Imbalances in the Chakras can cause extreme emotional fluctuations and difficulty regulating our emotions. By balancing the Chakras, we can improve our ability to manage and respond to our emotions in a constructive and adaptive way, resulting in a more fulfilling and satisfying life.

Chakra Basics

Los chakras están estrechamente relacionados con el prana y la energía Kundalini.

To understand the Chakra system, it´s essential to know some concepts related to the energetic or subtle body in Eastern teachings.


Prana is a key concept in ancient Hindu and Yogic traditions and refers to the vital force or subtle energy that permeates the entire universe and animates all living beings. It´s a cosmic life force that flows through us and everything around us. The term “prana” is derived from the Sanskrit word meaning “breath,” indicating the close relationship between prana and the breathing process.

In the Hindu tradition, prana is believed to be the basis of all existence. It´s the energy that enables vital processes to occur in the human body, including respiration, blood circulation, digestion and organ function. Prana is also considered responsible for our emotions, thoughts and consciousness. It´s the link that connects the body, mind and spirit.

It´s also found in the environment around us. It´s believed to be present in the air we breathe, the food we eat and the nature around us. Therefore, being in contact with nature and leading a healthy lifestyle can also help increase the quantity and quality of our prana.

Kundalini energy

According to yogic and tantric teachings, Kundalini energy is a vital force that lies dormant at the base of the spine, in the region known as the root chakra or Muladhara. It´s believed that, through specific practices, this energy can be awakened and ascend through the different chakras of the body, bringing with it a profound transformation and spiritual awakening.

The word “Kundalini” comes from Sanskrit and is derived from the word “kundala“, which means “coil” or “coiled serpent“. This metaphor is used to describe how the Kundalini energy is coiled at the base of the spine, like a sleeping snake waiting to be awakened. Once activated, the Kundalini ascends through the central channel of the body, known as the sushumna, passing through the different chakras, helping to unblock and balance its energy.

The awakening of Kundalini energy is considered a powerful and transformative event. It´s believed that when this energy is awakened, it can lead to increased awareness, expanded perception and a deep sense of spiritual connection. It´s also associated with the manifestation of spiritual abilities and gifts, as well as healing and purification of the body and mind.

Nadis or Energy Channels

Nadis are subtle energy channels found in the human body according to yogic philosophy and traditional Indian medicine. It´s said that there are thousands of nadis, but the three main ones are Ida, Pingala and Sushumna. These nadis are considered essential for vital energy or prana to flow throughout our body.

Ida and Pingala are two of the main nadis and they intertwine along the spine, starting at the base of the spine and extending to the top of the head. The Ida nadi is associated with feminine energy, the moon and passive quality. It´s believed to flow into the left nostril and is associated with relaxation, intuition and calmness. On the other hand, Pingala nadi is associated with masculine energy, the sun and active quality. It flows into the right nostril and is related to energy, action and heat.

These two nadis are considered opposites and represent duality in the body and mind. The practice of yoga seeks to balance these two nadis through breathing techniques, postures and meditation to achieve a state of balance and harmony.

The third main nadi is the Sushumna Nadi, which is located in the center of the spine and is considered the central energy channel. The Sushumna Nadi is said to be the path to spiritual enlightenment. It´s through this nadi that Kundalini energy ascends from the base of the spine to the top of the head, passing through the various chakras of the body.

In addition to the three main nadis, other important nadis are also recognized, such as the Vajra nadi, the Chitrini nadi and the Gandhari nadi. These nadis are associated with the activation and awakening of the higher chakras, leading to an expansion of consciousness and a deeper connection with the higher self.

Yoga practice and meditation focus on the flow and purification of the nadis. Through breathing techniques, such as pranayama, the aim is to unblock and balance the nadis, allowing energy to flow freely throughout the body. It´s believed that when the nadis are blocked or imbalanced, there can be a disruption in the flow of energy, which can lead to physical, emotional and mental problems.

Knowing the Seven Major Chakras

Although the number of main chakras varies according to different systems, the best known chakra system consists of seven main chakras, which are arranged along the spine. Below we will briefly detail each of these Chakras and their main characteristics.

Prime Chakra, Root Chakra or Muladhara

El primer chakra o chakra raíz, también conocido como Muladhara.

The first chakra, also known as the root chakra or Muladhara in Sanskrit, is located at the base of the spine, right at the perineum, and its associated color is red, which symbolizes strength and vitality.

It´s considered the base of our chakra system and represents our most basic and primal connection to Mother Earth and physical life. It´s associated with the earth element and therefore governs everything that is solidly tied to our material world, such as our survival, safety, security, nourishment, shelter and physical stability.

One of the main characteristics of the root chakra is its connection to self-perception and perception of the world. When in balance, it generates a sense of security and groundedness, both physically and emotionally. It gives us the ability to be present in the moment and to have confidence in our ability to manage our lives.

The root chakra is also connected to our basic life energy, known as Kundalini in the yogic tradition. This energy is said to sleep at the base of the spine and, when awakened, moves up through the chakras, taking us to higher states of consciousness.

In a balanced state, the first chakra provides us with a solid foundation on which we can build our lives. It helps us feel safe, secure and anchored to the physical world. It ensures that our feet are firmly planted on the ground, allowing us to face life’s challenges with courage and resilience.

However, an imbalanced root chakra can manifest in a number of ways. A person with this chakra blocked may feel disconnected from the world, insecure or anxious. He or she may also have difficulty coping with stressful situations or feel unable to set healthy boundaries. On the other hand, an overactive root chakra can lead to greed, materialism and a sense of disconnection with nature and the body.

Lack of balance in the root chakra can also be reflected physically. Health problems related to this chakra can include digestive system disorders, bone and skin problems, and disorders of the legs and feet.

Second Chakra, Sacral or Svadishthana Chakra

Segundo chakra o Svadishtana.

The second chakra, sacral chakra or Svadhisthana in Sanskrit, is located just below the navel, in the pelvic area, and its associated color is orange, representing emotion and passion.

It´s linked to the water element, indicating its fluidity and flexibility. It´s associated with emotions, sensuality, creativity, passion and procreation. In addition, it also governs our relationship with the pleasures of life and how we interact with them.

When the sacral chakra is in balance, one feels passionate, present, sensual, creative and full of life. This balance also promotes a healthy relationship with pleasures and an ability to give and receive pleasure without guilt or shame. Creativity and the ability to manifest dreams and desires are also nurtured from this chakra.

The sacral chakra also influences our relationship with ourselves and others. When balanced, it promotes self-esteem and confidence, the ability to establish healthy relationships, and a strong emotional connection with oneself and others.

On the other hand, an imbalance in the second chakra can manifest as a blockage or excess in one or more of these areas. A person with a blocked sacral chakra may feel disconnected from their emotions and body, and may have difficulty expressing or receiving pleasure. Problems with creativity and passion may also arise, as well as difficulty forming or maintaining healthy relationships.

An overactive sacral chakra, on the other hand, can lead to excessive pleasure seeking, emotional dependency, emotional manipulation and overindulgence in food, sex or addictive substances.

Physically, imbalances in this chakra can manifest as reproductive problems, sexual dysfunction, problems in the lower back, kidneys and urinary system, as well as eating disorders.

Third Chakra, Solar Plexus or Manipura Chakra

Tercer chakra de color amarillo.

The third chakra, also known as the solar plexus chakra or Manipura in Sanskrit, is located in the stomach area, approximately two fingers above the navel and is associated with the color yellow, which symbolizes power and energy.

Manipura is related to the fire element, which indicates its active and dynamic nature. This chakra governs our sense of identity and self-worth, our personal will, our confidence, our personal power and our ability to make decisions and set boundaries.

When balanced, one feels secure, in control, energized and able to make decisions and manifest one’s will in the world. It gives us the confidence and courage to face life’s challenges, while helping us maintain a strong and healthy sense of identity.

The third chakra also plays a crucial role in our relationship with ourselves and the world around us. If it´s in balance, it helps us set healthy boundaries, feel confident in our ability to make decisions and assert our place in the world.

However, an imbalanced solar plexus chakra can manifest in a number of ways. If blocked it can lead to lack of confidence, insecurity, passivity and an inability to make decisions or set boundaries. It can also lead to a weak sense of identity and a dependence on external validation.

On the other hand, if the third chakra is overactive it can result in controlling behaviors, a need to dominate others, aggressiveness and selfish behaviors. It can also lead to an obsession with power and control, as well as disconnection from emotions and empathy.

In physical terms, imbalances in the third chakra can manifest as digestive problems, stomach aches, liver disorders, diabetes and nervous system disorders.

Fourth Chakra, Heart or Anahata Chakra

Chakra del corázon o Anahata, de color verde.

The fourth chakra, heart chakra or Anahata is located in the center of the chest, at the level of the heart, it´s associated with the color green, which symbolizes harmony and balance.

Anahata is linked to the air element, which indicates its ethereal and connective nature. Anahata governs our emotions, our ability to love and be loved, our empathy, compassion and our ability to heal and forgive.

When the fourth chakra is balanced, one feels loved, compassionate, kind and in harmony with the world around them. This balance also allows us to give and receive love openly and fearlessly, and helps us connect with others on a deeper emotional level. It helps us to love ourselves, to care for and value ourselves, to accept who we are and to live with authenticity and truth.

However, if it´s out of balance it can manifest in a number of ways. A blockage in this chakra can lead to emotional disconnection, an inability to give or receive love, and a lack of empathy or compassion. It can also lead to self-criticism, lack of self-esteem, and an inability to care for oneself.

On the other hand, if hyperactive it can result in emotional dependency, over-giving to others at the expense of oneself, and a desperate search for approval and love from others.

On a physical level, imbalances in the heart chakra can manifest as heart and lung problems, skin problems, immune system disorders, and chest pains.

Fifth Chakra, Throat or Vishuddha Chakra

Chakra de la garganta o Visshuda.

The fifth chakra, throat chakra or Vishuddha is located in the throat and is related to the color blue, which symbolizes truth and clarity.

Vishuddha is linked to the ether or space element, indicating its expansive and communicative nature. This chakra governs our ability to communicate effectively, to express our truth and to listen to and understand others. It´s also associated with creativity, especially in relation to speech and writing.

When balanced, one feels able to express one’s truth clearly and effectively, to listen to and understand others, and to live authentically and honestly. This balance also enables us to communicate with compassion and respect, and helps us to be good listeners. It also helps us to understand and express our own needs and desires, and to live in accordance with our personal truth.

If it´s imbalanced it can manifest in a number of ways, such as difficulty communicating, inability to express the truth, and a feeling of being misunderstood or not heard. It can also lead to a fear of speaking and a lack of authenticity and honesty.

In the case of being hyperactive it can result in talking too much, interrupting when others speak, and an inability to listen to and understand others. It also leads to aggressive or domineering communication and a lack of control over words and voice.

In physical terms, imbalances in this chakra can manifest as throat problems, thyroid problems, voice disorders, neck and shoulder pain, and dental problems.

Sixth Chakra, Third Eye or Ajna Chakra

El sexto chakra se relaciona con el color indigo.

The sixth chakra, third eye chakra or Ajna is located on the forehead, just between the eyebrows and is identified with the color indigo, a deep shade of blue that evokes the idea of infinity and mystery.

Ajna is connected to the element of light, which reflects its role in illuminating our perception and helping us to see beyond the physical. This chakra allows us to access intuition, wisdom, imagination and extrasensory perception. It provides us with a deeper connection to our inner consciousness and allows us to see beyond surface appearances.

By having this chakra in balance, we experience mental clarity, strong intuition and a deep understanding of ourselves and the world around us. This balance gives us the ability to see clearly and to trust our intuition. It helps us to see the truth beyond illusions and to be in touch with our inner wisdom.

The sixth chakra plays a fundamental role in our relationship with our inner mind and consciousness. When in balance, it allows us to explore our inner awareness, intuition and wisdom. It offers us the ability to see beyond the surface and understand our experiences from a broader and deeper perspective.

An imbalanced Ajna Chakra can lead to a number of problems such as a sense of confusion, lack of mental clarity, difficulty concentrating, and lack of connection to our intuition and inner perception. On the other hand, if it´s excessively active it can lead to over-intellectualization, excessive fantasies and an inability to distinguish reality from illusion.

Imbalances in the sixth chakra can manifest physically as vision problems, migraines, sinus problems, or neurological disorders.

Seventh Chakra, Crown or Sahasrara Chakra

El séptimo chakra es conocido como Sahahsrara y representa la iluminación.

The seventh chakra, also called the crown chakra or Sahasrara is located at the top of the head and is associated with the color violet or white, both representing purity and spiritual enlightenment.

Sahasrara is associated with pure consciousness, it´s the point of connection between the individual and the universal, representing the state of being enlightened and the realization of oneness with all. Through this chakra, we experience the highest form of knowledge and wisdom, and connect with the source of creation and the cosmos.

When in balance, we experience a deep sense of peace, spiritual well-being and a connection with the universe. This state of balance allows us to perceive, understand and assimilate information in a more complete way, feeling one with all that exists. It allows us to have a deep understanding of our spiritual nature and our place in the universe. It helps us to experience enlightenment and oneness with all.

A blockage or imbalance can lead to a disconnection with the spiritual, a feeling of despair or purposelessness, and an inability to see beyond our own individual experiences. It can also lead to a sense of isolation and loneliness, and a lack of inspiration and purpose.

In the case of being hyperactive it can result in a disconnection with the physical world, an exaggerated sense of spirituality or an obsession with the spiritual and mystical. It can also lead to a feeling of disconnection with our body and our physical needs.

Imbalances in this chakra can manifest physically as headaches, neurological disorders, memory problems and mental confusion.

How do you balance the Chakras?

Cómo equilibrar los chakras del sistema energético.

Meditation is one of the most powerful tools for balancing the chakras. It involves quieting the mind and focusing attention on the present. By dedicating time to meditation, we can increase our awareness of energetic blockages and imbalances that may exist in our system. Through regular meditation practice, the opening and flow of energy in the chakras is facilitated, allowing for greater connection with oneself and the world around us.

Conscious breathing practices are another valuable method of harmonizing the chakras. Conscious breathing involves becoming aware of our breathing and, through specific techniques, balancing the flow of energy. By adjusting the way we breathe, we can influence the emotional and physical state, which promotes overall well-being and alignment of our energies.

Yoga addresses the balance of body, mind and spirit. Through a series of postures and movements, yoga can influence the chakras and release stagnant energy. By practicing different asanas, the circulation of vital energy is stimulated, promoting its harmonious flow through the different energy centers.

The practice of gratitude and the cultivation of positive emotions also influence the balance of the chakras. Focusing on positive thoughts and emotions increases energetic vibration, improving health and well-being on all levels. Gratitude, in particular, is a powerful emotion that can open the chakras and facilitate the circulation of energy.

The use of mantras and chanting is another common practice. Mantras are words or phrases that are repeated regularly and rhythmically, which helps to focus and purify the mind. It´s believed that each chakra responds to a particular sound, and by reciting specific mantras, we can harmonize and revitalize these energy centers.

Contact with nature is a simple but effective practice for balancing the chakras. Spending time outdoors in natural surroundings connects with our deepest essence and allows for a reconnection with the natural flow of energy. Nature has an innate ability to restore balance and relieve stress, which also benefits our health on many levels.

Energy therapies, such as acupuncture and reiki, are methods that focus on the flow of energy through the body. Although these practices may differ in their approach and techniques, both seek to restore energetic balance and harmony, which contributes to the overall well-being of the individual.

What does it mean that a Chakra is blocked or imbalanced?

Los tipos de yoga existentes son muchos y cada uno ofrecer distintos tipos de herramientas para ayudar a cada individuo.

Energetic blockages and imbalances are phenomena that can occur in the human body, regardless of whether we associate them directly with the chakras or not. These energetic blockages can affect our physical, emotional and spiritual health, and it´s essential to address them in order to maintain holistic wellness.

An energetic blockage can be defined as an interruption or accumulation of energy in a particular part of the body or in a larger energy system. These blockages can be the result of a variety of factors, such as traumatic experiences, stress, repressed emotions, persistent negative thoughts or physical health problems. When energy does not flow freely, it can lead to various symptoms and problems that affect our daily lives.

They can manifest in different ways and in different areas of our life. On a physical level, they can cause ailments, discomfort, chronic pain and fatigue. Muscle tensions and blockages in certain parts of the body can also originate from the accumulation of stagnant energy. On an emotional level, blockages can lead to anxiety, depression, irritability and lack of emotional clarity. Repressed emotions can accumulate in certain areas of the body and negatively affect our mental and emotional health.

In addition to blockages, there can also be energetic imbalances in the body. An energetic imbalance occurs when there is an uneven distribution of energy in the body’s energy systems. For example, there may be an excess of energy in one area and a lack of energy in another. These imbalances can be caused by internal and external factors, such as unhealthy lifestyle habits, toxic relationships, lack of self-esteem or unresolved emotional issues.

Energetic imbalances can affect our ability to cope with stress, maintain healthy relationships and achieve our personal and professional goals. They can make us feel drained, emotionally unstable and negatively affect our overall quality of life.

To address energetic blockages and imbalances, there are a variety of healing techniques and approaches. Meditation and yoga are just a few of the options available. These practices seek to restore energy flow, release blockages and balance the body’s energy systems.

In addition, working on self-discovery and self-reflection can help us identify and address the underlying causes of energetic blockages and imbalances. Recognizing and processing our emotions, learning to manage stress and adopting healthy lifestyle habits are important aspects of maintaining good physical and mental fitness.

It´s essential to understand that energetic blockages and imbalances are interconnected with our overall health and well-being. Addressing these issues can not only alleviate physical and emotional symptoms, but can also open us to a greater sense of peace, mental clarity and spiritual connection.

Bija mantras. Mantras associated with each Chakra

The word “Bija” translates from Sanskrit as “seed,” and refers to single-syllable mantras that are powerful catalysts for meditation and awakening spiritual awareness. Each Bija mantra has a unique vibrational resonance that can influence the flow of energy through the body and mind, facilitating spiritual growth and healing.

In the chakra system, each of the seven main chakras has an associated Bija mantra:

  • “Lam” is linked to the first chakra (Muladhara)
  • Vam” to the second (Svadhisthana)
  • Ram” to the third chakra (Manipura)
  • “Yam” to the fourth (Anahata)
  • “Ham” to the fifth (Vishuddha)
  • Om” to the sixth (Ajna)
  • Silence to the seventh (Sahasrara).

Chanting these mantras can help align and balance these energy centers in the body

But how exactly do the Bija mantras work? These sound syllables have no literal meaning in the Sanskrit language, but their power is believed to lie in their specific vibration. According to the philosophy of yoga and Hinduism, the entire universe is a manifestation of vibrational energy. Each Bija mantra, when vocalized, generates a unique vibration that can affect the body and mind of the practitioner.

  • “Lam“. This mantra is often associated with stability and security, and is used to cultivate these qualities in the individual.
  • “Vam” is associated with the ability to adapt and change.
  • “Ram” is associated with will and personal power. It´s used to cultivate strength, will and determination.
  • “Yam” is associated with love and compassion. It´s used in meditations that seek to cultivate love and compassion for oneself and others.
  • “Ham” is associated with communication and expression.
  • “Om” again is associated with enlightenment and spiritual knowledge. It´s used in meditations that seek to cultivate wisdom and spiritual understanding.

Bija mantras are usually chanted aloud, in a whisper, or mentally during meditation. By concentrating on the sound of the mantra, one can direct one’s attention inward, away from the distractions of the outside world. This facilitates a deeper state of meditation and can lead to greater self-knowledge and inner peace.

It´s important to note that the use of Bija Mantras should be done with respect and understanding. These mantras are sacred and should be treated with reverence. It´s helpful to learn about the Bija Mantras from an experienced teacher or guide who can provide proper guidance and understanding.

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